# What is Random Number Generator in Python and how to use it?

## Random Number Generator in Python

A random number generator (RNG) is a function or algorithm that generates a sequence of random numbers. Python has a built-in module called “random” that allows you to generate random numbers.

To use the random module in Python, you first need to import it using the following command:

`import random`

Here are some examples of how to use the random module to generate random numbers in Python:

1. Generating a random integer between two values:
```# generates a random integer between 1 and 100
random_number = random.randint(1, 100)
print(random_number)```
1. Generating a random float between two values:
```# generates a random float between 1.0 and 10.0
random_number = random.uniform(1.0, 10.0)
print(random_number)```
1. Generating a random number from a list:
```# generates a random number from a list of numbers
numbers = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10]
random_number = random.choice(numbers)
print(random_number)```
1. Generating a random number from a probability distribution:
```# generates a random number from a probability distribution
random_number = random.triangular(1, 100, 50)
print(random_number)```

It’s also possible to use the random module to generate random values for other data types, such as strings and booleans. For example:

```# generates a random string of charactersimport string
random_string = ''.join(random.choices(string.ascii_letters, k=10))
print(random_string)
# generates a random boolean value
random_boolean = random.choice([True, False])
print(random_boolean)```

It’s important to note that the numbers generated by the random module are not truly random, but are generated using a mathematical algorithm called a “pseudorandom number generator” (PRNG). The numbers generated by a PRNG are determined by an initial value called a “seed,” which can be set manually to ensure that a specific sequence of numbers is generated.

## Conclusion:

The Python built-in random module provides a simple and easy way to generate random numbers, values and selections. It offers a variety of functions, such as randint(), uniform(), choice(), triangular() and others, that can be used to generate random numbers in a specific range, from a list, or a probability distribution. It’s also possible to use the random module to generate random values for other data types, such as strings and booleans.

It’s important to note that the numbers generated by the random module are not truly random, but are generated using a mathematical algorithm called a “pseudorandom number generator” (PRNG). The numbers generated by a PRNG are determined by an initial value called a “seed,” which can be set manually to ensure that a specific sequence of numbers is generated.

## FAQ

Q1 Are the numbers generated by the random module truly random?

No, the numbers generated by the random module are not truly random, but are generated using a mathematical algorithm called a “pseudorandom number generator” (PRNG). The numbers generated by a PRNG are determined by an initial value called a “seed,” which can be set manually to ensure that a specific sequence of numbers is generated.

Q2 How do I generate a random number in Python using the random module?

You can use the randint() function to generate a random integer between two values, the uniform() function to generate a random float between two values, the choice() function to generate a random number from a list, and the triangular() function to generate a random number from a probability distribution.

Q3 Can I generate repeatable random numbers using the random module in Python?

Yes, you can generate repeatable random numbers using the random module by setting the seed value before generating the random numbers. This will ensure that the same sequence of random numbers is generated every time the program is run with the same seed value.

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